3 Steps to Blurring the Background in your PhotographsDuring this quick photography tutorial we show you 3 steps to blur the background in your photographs.
Step 1: Distance – The closer the camera is to the subject, and the farther the subject is from the background, the more blur, or bokeh, you will get in your picture.
Step 2: Focal length – The longer the focal length of your lens (200mm as opposed to 24mm), the more blur, or bokeh, you will get in your picture.
Step 3: Aperture – The lower the f stop of your lens, or the wider you set your aperture, you will get more blur to the background. Note, the ability to go to a low aperture is determined by the lens, not the camera. Every lens is different. For example, some lenses have the ability to go as low as f 1.4 for aperture, while other lenses, may only be able to go as low as f 5.6. Typically, prime lenses of a fixed focal length have the ability to go to the lowest f stop. For example, a 50mm prime lens. (affiliate link). See this lens review of a 50mm lens and how it can help you with your photography.
All three of those techniques play a role in blurring the background, or getting bokeh, in your pictures.